Related Links

Seed Technology

Seed is one of the important input in agriculture. As famous proverb says ‘As you sow, so you reap’, crop productivity depends on the quality of seed sown. Use of good quality seed will increase the production by 20-25%.

In Mysore district, a wide range of cereals, pulses, oil seed and commercial crops are grown. The major crops are paddy, ragi, maize, blackgram, cowpea, redgram, groundnut, cotton, sugarcane, banana and turmeric. The field crops are grown on 3.72 lakh hectares for which 75,000 quintals of new seed is required every year. In major crops like paddy and ragi only 42% and 5% of the total seed demand is being met in the district. In pulse and oil seed crops there is large gap between seed demand and seed supply.

This is mainly because,

1. Less awareness of importance of good quality seed among the local farmers
2. Seed production area in the district is low compared to seed demand
3. Less farmers involved in seed production programme
4. Farmers are not aware that seed production brings more profit than commercial crop production.
Hence, seed technology plays a major role in improving crop productivity in the district.

Seed Technology is the science of dealing with the methods of improving physical and genetical characteristics of seed, its multiplication and distribution. The various aspects coming under seed technology are seed production, seed processing, seed certification, seed testing, seed storage, seed biology, seed entomology, seed pathology and seed marketing. The discipline activities includes create awareness, procure and improve the locally available seeds. Conducting training for farmers, farmwomen, rural youth and extension personnel. Conducting frontline demonstrations, on farm testings.Maintenance of seed processing unit.