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Sericulture is part of the cultural heritage of Mysore district. Mysore silk is popular world over and has a history of over 220 years. History reveals that the famous Muslim ruler Tippu Sultan, the Emperor of Mysore, introduced Sericulture in Karnataka in 1780 AD. Although sericulture was being practiced sporadically in northern India, Tippu Sultan brought it to south India as a means of raising funds to build his armament. Eventually, sericulture became one of the major enterprises in southern India while it remained low-key in the north. Mysore is recognized in the world through Geographical Indication Tag (GIT) for silk. The Mysore silk stands out among all other silk fabrics for its unique sheen and regal look, amazing drape, pure yarn and zari.

Mulberry, the host plant for silkworms, is being cultivated on an area of 2,670 ha in Mysore district spread across 682 villages. The average cocoon yield in the district is 59 kg per 100 Disease Free Layings (DFLs), generating annual revenue of Rs.33.37 crores.

Sericulture activities includes production and supply of quality chawki worms, mulberry cuttings and training for farmers, farmwomen, rural youth and extension personnel. Conducting frontline demonstrations, on farm testings. Maintenance of chawki rearing centre and chawki rearing house.